Offences Against The Person

Efstathios K. Efstathiou > Criminal Defence > Offences Against The Person


Homicide is a serious offence under the Cyprus Criminal Code and refers to the cause of another person’s death in a culpable way.

What is manslaughter?

Manslaughter is the unlawful killing of another person without premeditation or without the so called “Malice Forethought” (an evil intent prior to the killing). It is distinguished from premeditated murder (which brings greater penalties) by lack of any prior intention to kill anyone or to create a deadly situation.

What is murder?

Murder is the most serious offence. It refers to a planned and deliberate homicide, to the situation where a person causes the loss of another person by an act or omission.

What is premeditated murder?

Premeditation is the intent to cause the death of any person as evidenced by a direct or indirect finding, whether a person is the one that is issued or not, which exists both prior to the act or omission which would cause death and at the time of such conduct.

What defences do i have?

Depending on the seriousness of an allegation of an offence of Manslaughter and Murder, an accused person usually expects a thorough police investigation involving an array of investigative techniques reserved for only the most serious kinds of offences. Techniques include advanced surveillance, undercover operations, wiretaps, search warrants, and powerful police interrogations.


These investigations are complex and if inappropriately conducted may result in a violation of your Constitutional rights. If police did not follow procedure when obtaining evidence and infringed your Fundamental rights, Efstathios C. Efstathiou Criminal Defence can apply on your behalf to exclude evidence. Often times, successful exclusion of evidence is the difference between a conviction and an acquittal.


Efstathios C. Efstathiou Criminal Defence can also review the evidence against you to ensure that you haven’t been improperly identified. In some instances, the best outcome in a Homicide case involves reducing a charge from Murder to manslaughter. Doing so requires a multifaceted strategy that may include persuading a Prosecutor. Efstathios C. Efstathiou Criminal Defence Firm will work diligently on your behalf to form the best defence strategy given your circumstances.

What happens if i am found guilty?

A homicide conviction may mean life in jail. If you are convicted with a premeditated murder, you will be sentenced to life imprisonment. If you are convicted with manslaughter, the sentence varies. Imprisonment is not mandatory unless the offence was committed with a firearm in which case there is a minimum sentence of four years imprisonment.